By C.F. McGleenon
In the eighteenth century, County Armagh used to be famously often called a really self sufficient county' given the particular nature of politics and electioneering in parliamentary elections.
This ebook analyses the heritage to, and lines information of basic elections and by‐elections for the county and borough seats in Armagh. during this interval sooner than mystery ballots while polls frequently lasted for weeks, the next electioneering practices are defined: patronage, canvassing of electorate by way of applicants, kinfolk among landlords and freeholders; 'conjunctions' and 'running horses'; festivities akin to treating of citizens together with delivery and lodging, musical bands and parades; violence and intimidation with cudgels, swords and weapons; a paper battle of pamphlets.
Key political households in Armagh are pointed out who have been seriously concerned and divided on modern nationwide matters reminiscent of low-cost and parliamentary reform, unfastened exchange, Catholic reduction and Catholic emancipation, union of the Irish and British parliaments.
Social and financial matters in Armagh have been intertwined with the politics of the period: faith and society, progress of the linen and cities, agrarian unrest, resentment opposed to money of cess and tithes.
From those matters emerged well known societies, socio‐economic protest and paramilitary actions: the Oakboys in 1763 and 1772, the Volunteers within the 1780s, sectarian outrages via Fleets, Peep O'Day Boys and Defenders 1784‐90, the United Irish Society and Orange Society within the 1790s.
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